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Immediate Dentures Vs Permanent: Difference, Pros & Cons (2024) – Health Care

immediate dentures vs permanent

Immediate dentures and permanent dentures serve as essential solutions for individuals who have lost multiple teeth. Immediate dentures are temporary prosthetics placed immediately after tooth extraction, allowing patients to maintain functionality and aesthetics during the healing period.

On the other hand, permanent dentures are custom-made, long-term prosthetics designed to fit precisely after gums have healed completely. The choice between immediate and permanent dentures hinges on several factors, including the urgency of tooth replacement, cost considerations, and personal preferences.

Understanding the differences between these two options is crucial for making an informed decision that best suits one’s dental health needs.

Table of Contents

Immediate Dentures vs Permanent Dentures

immediate dentures vs permanent1

Tooth loss can significantly impact one’s quality of life, affecting both functionality and aesthetics. Dentures offer a viable solution for those looking to restore their smile and oral function. There are two primary types of dentures to consider: immediate dentures and permanent dentures.

Each type has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, making it essential to understand the differences to make an informed decision.

What Are Immediate Dentures?

Definition and Purpose

Immediate dentures are temporary prosthetic devices placed in the mouth immediately after tooth extraction. They serve as a quick solution to fill the gaps left by missing teeth, allowing patients to maintain their appearance and ability to eat and speak while their gums heal.


Instant Results
Immediate dentures provide a swift solution, allowing patients to leave the dentist’s office with a full set of teeth immediately after extraction. This immediate placement helps avoid the embarrassment of being without teeth.

Protection and Healing
These dentures can act as a protective cover for the gums, reducing bleeding and protecting the extraction sites during the healing process. They also help patients adapt to wearing dentures from the very beginning.


Fit and Comfort
Since immediate dentures are made before the extraction, they may not fit as snugly as permanent dentures. As the gums and bone heal and reshape, these dentures can become loose, requiring adjustments.

Temporary Nature
Immediate dentures are not designed for long-term use. They serve as a temporary solution until the gums have fully healed and permanent dentures can be fitted.

What Are Permanent Dentures?

Definition and Purpose

Permanent dentures are custom-made prosthetics designed to fit the mouth precisely after the gums have healed completely from tooth extraction. These dentures are intended for long-term use and provide a more durable and comfortable solution.


Custom Fit
Permanent dentures are crafted after the gums have healed, allowing for a more accurate and comfortable fit. This reduces the need for frequent adjustments and provides better functionality.

Durability and Longevity
These dentures are made from more robust materials, offering greater durability and a longer lifespan compared to immediate dentures. They are designed to withstand daily wear and tear, providing reliable performance over time.


Wait Time
Patients must wait for their gums to heal before getting permanent dentures, which can take several months. During this period, they may need to use temporary solutions like immediate dentures or go without teeth.

Permanent dentures can be more expensive than immediate dentures due to the custom fitting process and higher quality materials used. However, their durability and long-term benefits often justify the initial investment.

Key Differences Between Immediate and Permanent Dentures

Timing of Placement

Immediate dentures are placed immediately after tooth extraction, while permanent dentures are fitted after the gums have healed completely. This difference significantly impacts the overall treatment timeline and patient experience.

Fit and Comfort

Permanent dentures offer a superior fit and greater comfort compared to immediate dentures, as they are custom-made based on the healed gum structure. Immediate dentures may require multiple adjustments as the gums heal and change shape.


Permanent dentures are constructed from high-quality materials designed for long-term use, making them more durable than immediate dentures, which are intended for temporary use.

Considerations for Choosing Between Immediate and Permanent Dentures

Immediate Needs

If maintaining appearance and oral function immediately after tooth extraction is a priority, immediate dentures are the preferred choice. They provide an instant solution, allowing patients to avoid the inconvenience of being without teeth.

Long-Term Solution

For a long-term, comfortable, and durable solution, permanent dentures are the better option. They provide a more precise fit and greater reliability over time, making them a worthwhile investment for sustained oral health. I hope now you are aware of Immediate dentures vs permanent.

What Are The Benefits Of Immediate Dentures

what are the benefits of immediate dentures

Immediate Restoration of Appearance and Function

Instant Results

One of the primary benefits of immediate dentures is that they provide an instant solution for missing teeth. Patients leave the dentist’s office with a complete set of teeth right after extractions, ensuring they don’t have to go without teeth for any period.

Aesthetic Confidence

Immediate dentures help maintain the natural appearance of the face and smile. This can significantly boost a patient’s self-esteem and confidence, as they avoid the embarrassment of gaps in their teeth.

Protection and Healing

Gum Protection

Immediate dentures act as a protective barrier over the extraction sites, which can help reduce bleeding and shield the exposed gums from potential irritants and trauma.

Support for Healing

Wearing immediate dentures can aid in the healing process by supporting the gums and maintaining their shape. This can help minimize swelling and promote quicker recovery.

Ease of Transition

Early Adaptation

Immediate dentures allow patients to start adapting to wearing dentures from day one. This early adaptation period can make the transition to permanent dentures smoother, as patients become accustomed to the sensation and function of dentures.

Preservation of Oral Function

By providing an immediate solution, these dentures help patients maintain their ability to eat and speak normally. This prevents the dietary restrictions and speech difficulties that can occur with missing teeth.

Psychological and Social Benefits

Increased Confidence

Having a full set of teeth immediately after extraction helps maintain a person’s appearance and self-esteem. This is particularly important for individuals who are self-conscious about their appearance and social interactions.

Reduced Anxiety

Knowing that they will not have to experience a period without teeth can significantly reduce the anxiety and emotional stress associated with tooth extraction and the healing process.

Practical and Financial Considerations

Interim Solution

Immediate dentures serve as a practical interim solution while waiting for permanent dentures. This is especially beneficial for those who cannot afford to be without teeth for extended periods.

Cost-Effective Initial Option

Although immediate dentures are temporary, they provide a cost-effective initial option for restoring teeth. This can be particularly helpful for patients who need time to save for permanent dentures or other dental treatments.

Professional and Personal Feedback

Dental Guidance

The use of immediate dentures allows dentists to monitor how the gums and bone heal with a prosthetic in place, providing valuable feedback for the design and fit of permanent dentures.

Patient Input

Patients can provide input on the fit and feel of the immediate dentures, which can be used to make adjustments and improvements in the design of their permanent dentures.

What Are The Benefits Of Permanent Dentures?

what are the benefits of permanent dentures

Custom Fit and Comfort

Precision Fit

Permanent dentures are custom-made to fit the patient’s mouth after the gums have completely healed from extractions. This ensures a precise fit that maximizes comfort and functionality, reducing the likelihood of irritation or sores that can occur with ill-fitting dentures.

Greater Comfort

The custom fit of permanent dentures means they are more comfortable to wear for long periods. They are designed to align perfectly with the contours of the mouth, offering a more natural feel compared to immediate dentures.

Durability and Longevity

Robust Materials

Permanent dentures are typically made from high-quality, durable materials that are designed to withstand daily wear and tear. This makes them a long-lasting solution for tooth replacement, with a lifespan that can extend many years with proper care.


Due to their durability and the quality of materials used, permanent dentures require fewer repairs and replacements over time. This longevity makes them a cost-effective solution in the long run.

Improved Oral Function

Better Chewing Efficiency

With a precise fit and stable placement, permanent dentures offer improved chewing efficiency compared to immediate dentures. This allows patients to enjoy a wider variety of foods, contributing to better nutrition and overall health.

Enhanced Speech

The stable fit of permanent dentures also improves speech. Patients can speak more clearly and confidently, as the dentures are less likely to shift or cause speech impediments.

Aesthetic and Psychological Benefits

Natural Appearance

Permanent dentures are crafted to closely resemble natural teeth in appearance. They can be customized in terms of color, shape, and size to match the patient’s natural teeth, resulting in a more natural and aesthetically pleasing smile.

Boosted Confidence

A natural-looking, well-fitted set of permanent dentures can significantly boost a patient’s self-esteem and confidence. Patients can smile, speak, and eat without worrying about the appearance or stability of their dentures.

Oral Health Maintenance

Bone and Gum Preservation

Permanent dentures can help in maintaining the structure of the jawbone and gums. By providing the necessary stimulation to the gums and bone, they help prevent the bone loss and gum recession that can occur with missing teeth.

Reduced Risk of Oral Health Issues

With a better fit and improved oral hygiene, permanent dentures reduce the risk of issues such as gum irritation, infections, and sores. This contributes to overall better oral health.

Financial Considerations

Long-Term Cost Efficiency

Although the initial cost of permanent dentures may be higher than that of immediate dentures, their durability and reduced need for frequent adjustments or replacements make them a more cost-effective option in the long run.

Investment in Quality of Life

Investing in permanent dentures is an investment in quality of life. The benefits of comfort, aesthetics, and functionality make them a valuable option for those seeking a reliable and long-term solution to tooth loss.

Enhanced Stability

Secure Fit

Permanent dentures often offer a more secure fit compared to temporary options. They can be further stabilized with dental implants, providing even greater stability and preventing the dentures from slipping or moving.

Improved Retention

Patients experience improved retention with permanent dentures, allowing for more natural and confident use. This stability is particularly beneficial for those with active lifestyles.

How Long Can Immediate Dentures Last?

How long can immediate dentures last

Immediate dentures are intended to serve as a temporary solution until permanent dentures can be fitted. As such, their lifespan is shorter compared to permanent dentures. Typically, immediate dentures are worn for a few months while the gums heal and reshape after tooth extraction.

During this time, the gums undergo significant changes, which can affect the fit of the dentures. As a result, immediate dentures may require adjustments or relining to maintain proper fit and comfort.

In some cases, immediate dentures may serve as a transitional solution for up to six months or longer, but they are not intended for long-term use.

What Are The Disadvantages Of Immediate Dentures?

What are the disadvantages of immediate dentures

Disadvantages of Immediate Dentures

Fit Issues

Immediate dentures are made before tooth extraction, so they may not fit as precisely as permanent dentures. As the gums heal and reshape, the fit of the dentures may become loose, leading to discomfort and the need for adjustments.

Increased Risk of Infection

Because immediate dentures are placed immediately after tooth extraction, there is a higher risk of infection as the extraction sites are still healing. Proper oral hygiene and regular follow-up appointments with the dentist are crucial to prevent infection.

Bone Resorption

Wearing immediate dentures can accelerate bone resorption (loss) in the jawbone. As the bone heals and reshapes, it may shrink, affecting the fit and stability of the dentures over time. This can lead to the need for adjustments or relining of the dentures.

Temporary Nature

Immediate dentures are designed as a temporary solution until permanent dentures can be fitted. They are not intended for long-term use and may need to be replaced or adjusted as the gums heal and the patient’s oral anatomy changes.

Speech and Eating Challenges

Some patients may experience difficulty speaking or eating with immediate dentures, especially initially. It may take time for the patient to adjust to wearing dentures and develop new eating and speaking habits.

Cost Considerations

While immediate dentures offer immediate restoration of appearance and function, they may be more expensive in the long run compared to permanent dentures. This is because they may require more frequent adjustments or relining to maintain proper fit and comfort.

What Are The Disadvantages Of Permanent Dentures?

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Disadvantages of Permanent Dentures

Initial Cost

Compared to immediate dentures or other tooth replacement options, permanent dentures often have a higher initial cost. This cost may include the fabrication of custom dentures, dental visits, and any additional procedures such as dental implants for added stability.

Adjustment Period

While permanent dentures are custom-fitted for optimal comfort, there is still an adjustment period for the wearer. Patients may experience some discomfort or difficulty speaking and eating initially as they get used to the feel of the dentures in their mouth.

Maintenance Requirements

Like natural teeth, permanent dentures require regular maintenance to keep them clean and in good condition. This includes daily brushing, soaking, and periodic visits to the dentist for check-ups and adjustments. Failure to maintain proper oral hygiene can lead to issues such as gum disease and decay.

Potential for Damage

Permanent dentures, while durable, are not indestructible. They can still be damaged or broken if not handled properly. Patients should avoid biting down on hard objects or using their teeth for tasks such as opening packages to prevent damage to their dentures.

Bone Resorption

Even with permanent dentures in place, the jawbone can still undergo some degree of resorption (bone loss) over time. This can affect the fit and stability of the dentures and may require adjustments or relining to maintain proper fit.

Replacement and Repairs

Over time, permanent dentures may need to be replaced or repaired due to normal wear and tear or changes in the mouth’s structure. This can incur additional costs and inconvenience for the patient, although proper care can help prolong the lifespan of the dentures.

Conclusion: Immediate Dentures vs Permanent Dentures

Choosing between immediate dentures and permanent dentures is a significant decision that depends on various factors, including individual needs, preferences, and circumstances.

Both types of dentures offer unique advantages and disadvantages, and understanding these differences is essential for making an informed choice.

Immediate Dentures

Immediate dentures provide an immediate solution for tooth replacement, allowing patients to maintain appearance and function immediately after tooth extraction. They offer benefits such as instant restoration, protection during healing, and ease of transition. However, they also come with drawbacks, including potential fit issues, increased risk of infection, and the need for adjustments over time.

Permanent Dentures

Permanent dentures offer a long-term, durable solution for tooth replacement, providing a custom fit and improved comfort. They offer benefits such as better chewing efficiency, enhanced aesthetics, and reduced long-term costs.

However, they may require an adjustment period, regular maintenance, and a higher initial cost compared to immediate dentures. I hope now you understand fully about Immediate dentures vs permanent dentures.


Q1. Which type of dentures is best for me?

A1. The choice between immediate and permanent dentures depends on individual factors such as oral health needs, budget, and personal preferences. Consult with your dentist to determine the best option for your specific situation.

Q2. How long do immediate dentures last?

A2. Immediate dentures are designed as a temporary solution until permanent dentures can be fitted. They typically last for a few months while the gums heal and reshape after tooth extraction.

Q3. How long do permanent dentures last?

A3. With proper care and maintenance, permanent dentures can last many years, often 5 to 10 years or more, depending on the materials used and the patient’s oral hygiene practices.

Q4. Are permanent dentures more comfortable than immediate dentures?

A4. Permanent dentures are custom-made to fit the patient’s mouth precisely, providing a more comfortable and natural feel compared to immediate dentures. However, there may still be an adjustment period as the patient gets used to wearing dentures.

Q5. What is the cost difference between immediate and permanent dentures?

A5. Immediate dentures may have a lower initial cost compared to permanent dentures, but they may require more frequent adjustments or replacements over time. Permanent dentures may have a higher initial cost but can be more cost-effective in the long run due to their durability and longevity.

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